Learn how to create a complete backup solution for your Open edX installation. This detailed step-by-step how-to guide covers backing up MySQL and MongoDB, organizing backup data into a single date-stamped tarball zip file, plus how to setup a cron job and how to copy your backups to an AWS S3 storage bucket.
The official Open edX documentation takes a laissez faire approach to many aspects of administration and support, including for example, how to properly backup and restore course and user data. This article attempts to fill that void. Also, don’t forget to bookmark my post on how to restore your Open edX platform from a backup. Implementing an effective backup solution for Open edX requires proficiency in a number of technologies, which is fine if you’re part of a full IT team at a major university, but can this can otherwise be a real obstacle to competently supporting your Open edX platform.
Open edX stores course data, including media uploads such as images and mp4 video files in MongoDB. To do this, MongoDB’s core functionality is extended with a technology called GridFS that provides an infinitely scalable file system for all course-related data. For student data Open edX takes a more relational approach with MySQL, noting however that the Open edX platform relies on several databases (see right-hand diagram). These are excellent architectural choices and both technologies are best-of-breed and getting better all the time. Nonetheless, having two entirely different persisting strategies under the hood really complicates simple IT management responsibilities like data backups.
We’re going to setup an automated daily backup procedure that backs up the complete contents of the MongoDB course database (including file/document, media and image uploads) and each individual MySQL database that contains learner user data. We’ll create a Bash script that combines these files into a single date-stamped linux tarball and then pushes this to an AWS S3 bucket for long-term remote storage.
- Your Open edX instance is running from an AWS account
- Your AWS EC2 instance is running on an Ubuntu 20.04 LTS server built from the Amazon Linux AMI
- You have SSH access to your EC2 instance and sudo capability
- You have permissions to create AWS IAM users and S3 resources
- Your Open edX instance is substantially based on the guidelines published here: Open edX Step-By-Step Production Installation Guide
1. Create credentials for AWS CLI
AWS provides an integrated security management system called Identity and Access Management (IAM) that we are going to use in combination with AWS’ Command Line Interface (CLI) to give us a way to copy files from our local Ubuntu file system to an S3 bucket in our AWS account. If you’re new to either topic then it behooves you to follow these two links to learn the basics of both topics.
In this step, we’ll create a new IAM user with full access to S3 resources.